Where domain is the name of your website while hosting is a space equipped with various software and hardware that works to animate your website so that it can be accessed and works. But for beginners it will be very confusing to understand hosting and its various terms.
Understanding What is Web Hosting?
Web Hosting or "Hosting" is a service provided by vendors that offers a physical location for storing web pages and files, where they have a computer server that will run our website so it can be online all the time. Think of a Web Hosting Company as the owner type, and you as the user renting the physical space on their servers that gets your web pages displayed on the Internet.
Understanding the Type of Web Hosting
In general, there are four types of web hosting, namely: Shared, Virtual Private Server (VPS), Dedicated, and the latest is Cloud Hosting (cloud hosting).
While all types of hosting servers will act as storage centers for your website, they differ in the amount of storage capacity, control, technical knowledge requirements, server speed, reliability and price. Let's dig in and take a look at the main differences between Shared, VPS, Dedicated, and Cloud hosting.
In shared hosting, a person's website is placed on the same server as other sites, ranging from a few hundreds or even thousands. Typically, all domains can be shared on a single server with server resources being shared, such as RAM and CPU. And the cost for shared hosting is very low, most of the sites with smooth traffic levels run standard software that is hosted on this type of server. Shared hosting is also widely accepted as an entry level hosting option because it requires minimal technical knowledge. And the disadvantages of shared hosting are the lack of root access, limited ability to handle high traffic levels, and site performance can be affected by other sites on the same server.
Virtual Private Server (VPS) Hosting?
A virtual private server hosting divides the server into virtual servers, where each website is like being hosted on their own dedicated server, but they are actually sharing the server with several different other users. Users can have root access to their own virtual space and the hosting environment is guaranteed to be better with other types of hosting. VPS is a choice of web hosting types that require more control at the server level which you can use if you don't want to go with the dedicated server option. The downside of VPS is that the ability to handle high traffic levels is limited, the performance of your site can still be somewhat affected by other sites on the server.
A dedicated server offers maximum control over the web server your website is stored on - you are exclusively renting the entire server. Your website (s) is the only site stored on the server. The disadvantage of a dedicated server is that with great power and good service, it will certainly have a higher cost. Dedicated Servers are very expensive and it's only recommended for those who need maximum control and better server performance.
Cloud hosting offers excellent capabilities to handle high traffic or traffic. Here's how it works: A team of servers (called the cloud) work together to host a group of websites. This allows multiple computers to work together to handle high levels of traffic for any given website. While the drawbacks of cloud hosting are that many cloud hosting settings do not offer root access (required to change server settings and install some software), and cloud hosting is offered at a higher cost.